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Salicylate inhibits thrombopoiesis in rat megakaryocytes by changing the membrane micro-architecture

Kazama I, Baba A, Endo Y, Toyama H, Ejima Y, Matsubara M, Tachi M. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2015;35(6):2371-82.

Department of Physiology I, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Salicylate causes drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia. However, some clinical studies indicate the presence of additional mechanisms in the drug-induced thrombocytopenia, by which the platelet production from megakaryocytes may directly be affected. Since salicylate is amphiphilic and preferentially partitioned into the lipid bilayers of the plasma membrane, it can induce some structural changes in the megakaryocyte membrane surface and thus affect the process of thrombopoiesis.

METHODS:

Employing the standard patch-clamp whole-cell recording technique, we examined the effects of salicylate on the membrane capacitance in rat megakaryocytes. Taking electron microscopic imaging of the  cellular  surface, we also examined the effects of salicylate on the membrane micro-architecture of megakaryocytes.

RESULTS:

Salicylate significantly decreased the membrane capacitance of megakaryocytes, indicating the decreased number of invaginated plasma membranes, which was not detected by the fluorescent imaging technique. As shown by electron microscopy, salicylate actually halted the process of pro-platelet formation in megakaryocytes.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated for the first time that salicylate inhibits the process of thrombo- poiesis in megakaryocytes, as detected by the decrease in the membrane capacitance. Salicylate-induced changes in the  membrane micro-architecture are thought to be responsible for its effects.

© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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Salicylate inhibits thrombopoiesis in rat megakaryocytes by changing the membrane micro-architecture