Home » Key Scientific Articles » Nitric oxide regulates BAFF expression and T cell-independent antibody responses.

Nitric oxide regulates BAFF expression and T cell-independent antibody responses.

Giordano D1, Draves KE2, Li C2, Hohl TM3, Clark EA2.

J Immunol. 2014 ;193(3):1110-20.

1Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109; and [email protected]

2Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109; and.

3Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109.

 

Abstract 

Whereas NO is known to regulate T cell responses, its role in regulating B cell responses remains unclear. Previous studies suggested that inducible NO synthase 2 (NOS2/iNOS) is required for normal IgA Ab responses but inhibits antiviral IgG2a Ab responses. In this study we used NOS2(-/-) mice to determine the role of NO in T cell-dependent and T cell-independent (TI)-2 Ab responses. Whereas T cell-dependent Ab responses were only modestly increased in NOS2(-/-) mice, IgM and IgG3 Ab responses as well as marginal zone B cell plasma cell numbers and peritoneal B1b B cells were significantly elevated after immunization with the TI-2 Ag 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl acetyl (NP)-Ficoll. The elevated TI-2 responses in NOS2(-/-) mice were accompanied by significant increases in serum levels of BAFF/BLyS and by increases in BAFF-producing Ly6C(hi) inflammatory monocytes and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs), suggesting that NO normally inhibits BAFF expression. Indeed, we found that NOS2(-/-) DCs produced more BAFF than did wild-type DCs, and addition of a NO donor to NOS2(-/-) DCs reduced BAFF production. Bone marrow chimeric mice that lack NOS2 in either nonhematopoietic or hematopoietic cells had intermediate IgM and IgG3 Ab responses after NP-Ficoll immunization, suggesting that NOS2 from both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic sources regulates TI-2 Ab responses. Similar to NOS2(-/-) mice, depletion of Ly6C(hi) inflammatory monocytes and monocyte-derived DCs enhanced NP-specific IgM and IgG3 responses to NP-Ficoll. Thus, NO produced by inflammatory monocytes and their derivative DC subsets plays an important role in regulating BAFF production and TI-2 Ab responses.

Copyright © 2014 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

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