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Hydrogen peroxide: A central player in physical plasma-induced oxidative stress in human blood cells.

Bekeschus S, Kolata J, Winterbourn C, Kramer A, Turner R, Weltmann KD, Bröker B, Masur K.

Free Radic Res. 2014 May;48(5):542-9.

Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP Greifswald) , ZIK plasmatis, Greifswald , Germany.

 

Abstract

 Plasma medicine is an interdisciplinary field and recent clinical studies showed benefits of topical plasma application to chronic wounds. Whereas most investigations have focused on plasma-skin cell interaction, immune cells are omnipresent in most tissues as well. They not only elicit specific immune responses but also regulate inflammation, which is central in healing and regeneration. Plasma generates short-lived radicals and species in the gas phase. Mechanisms of plasma-cell interactions are not fully understood but it is hypothesized that reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) mediate effects of plasma on cells. In this study human blood cells were investigated after cold atmospheric plasma treatment with regard to oxidation and viability. Plasma generates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and the responses were similar in cells treated with concentration-matched H2O2. Both treatments gave an equivalent reduction in viability and this was completely abrogated if catalase was added prior to plasma exposure. Further, five oxidation probes were utilized and fluorescence increase was observed in plasma-treated cells. Dye-dependent addition of catalase diminished most but not all of the probe fluorescence, assigning H2O2 a dominant but not exclusive role in cellular oxidation by plasma. Investigations for other species revealed generation of nitrite and formation of 3-nitrotyrosine but not 3-chlorotyrosine after plasma treatment indicating presence of RNS which may contribute to cellular redox changes observed. Together, these results will help to clarify how oxidative stressassociates with physical plasma treatment in wound relevant cells.

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