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Analysis of time-course gene expression profiles of a periodontal ligament tissue model under compression

Li Y, Li M, Tan L, Huang S, Zhao L, Tang T, Liu J, Zhao Z.

Arch Oral Biol. 2013 May;58(5):511-22.

Department of Orthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China School and Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, PR China. [email protected]

 

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We recently reported establishment of a periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue model, which may mimic the biological behaviour of human periodontal ligament under static compression in orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). In the present study, we aimed at investigating the time-course gene expression profiles of the periodontal ligament tissue model under compression.

DESIGN:

The periodontal ligament tissue model was established through 3-D-culturing human PDL cells (PDLCs) in a thin sheet of porous poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) scaffolds, which was subjected to 25g/cm(2) static  compression  for 6, 24 and 72h respectively. After that, its gene expression profiles were investigated using microarray assay, followed by signalling pathway and gene ontology (GO) analysis. Real-time RT-PCR verification was done for 15 identified genes of interest. The cell proliferation alteration was detected through EdU labelling.

RESULTS:

(1) Among the genes identified as differentially expressed, there were numerous osteoclastogenesis inducers (including CCL20, COX-1, COX-2, RANKL, PTHrP, IL-11, IL-8, etc.), osteoclastogenesis inhibitors (including IL-1Ra, NOG, OPG, etc.), and other potential bone remodelling regulators (including STC1, CYR61, FOS, etc.). (2) According to analysis of the microarray data, the most significant pathways included Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction (containing CCL20, RANKL, IL-11, IL-8, etc.), MAPK (containing FGF7, FOS, MAP3K8, JUN, etc.) and Cell cycle (containing CDK1, CCNA2, etc.); the most significant GOs included Cell-cell signalling (containing CCL20, STC1, FGF7, PTHrP, IL-11, IL-8, etc.), Extracellular space (containing CCL20, IL-1Ra, NOG, PTHrP, IL-11, IL-8, etc.) and Microtubule-based movement (containing KIF11, KIF23, etc.). (3) After prolonged compression, cell proliferation was significantly inhibited.

CONCLUSION:

The present findings have expanded our understandings to the roles that periodontal ligament plays under static  compression  in OTM.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Analysis of time-course gene expression profiles of a periodontal ligament tissue model under compression- Global Medical Discovery