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Visible assay for glycosylase based on intrinsic catalytic ability of graphene/gold nanoparticles hybrids

Journal Reference

Biosens Bioelectron. 2015; 68:7-13.

Yuan F1, Zhao H2, Liu M1, Quan X1.

Show Affiliations
  1. Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environment Engineering (Ministry of Education, China), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China.
  2. Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environment Engineering (Ministry of Education, China), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China. Electronic address: [email protected]

Abstract

A sensitive, rapid and label-free assay for colorimetric detection of human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase (hOGG1) was proposed based on the tunable catalytic ability of graphene/gold nanoparticles (graphene/Au-NPs) hybrids and the terminal protection of hOGG1. In presence of H2O2, the hybrids were capable of catalyzing the oxidation of color developing reagent, causing a concomitant change in color. Due to the excellent controllability, the capacity could be inhibited by adsorption of ssDNA onto the hybrids sheets and recovered when the adsorbed ssDNA was digested by exonuclease. The terminal protection of human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase could irreversibly interrupt the digestion of the captured ssDNA (containing the oxidative damage site) by the exonuclease, thus preventing the catalytic  ability  of graphene/Au-NPs from being recovered. The original color change which related to the concentration of the protected ssDNA facilitated quantitative detection of human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase activity. Compared with conventional methods for human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase detection, the presented assay without any labeling process greatly simplified the operation steps and reduced the analysis time. This approach performed a linear response for human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase activity from 0.02 to 0.11 U/μL with a detection limit of 0.0016 U/μL, and realized the quantification of human 8-hydroxyguanine glycosylase activity in real cell lines.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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